Resizing an XFS disk on amazon
I have a linux server I keep around on amazon EC2 for when I need to do linuxy thing and don’t want to do them on one of my local linux boxes. I ran out of disk space for my home directory on this server. I could have mounted a new disk and moved /home to it but instead I thought I might give resizing the disk a try. Afterall it is 2014 and I’m sure resizing disks has long since been solved.
To start with I took the instance down by clicking on stop in the amazon console. Next I took a snapshot of the current disk and named it something I could easily remember.
I made the new volume much larger and selected the snapshot I had just created as the base for it. The creation process took quite some time, a good 10 minutes, which was surprising as the disk wasn’t all that big. Now I had two identical volumes except one was bigger. As I only have one instance on EC2 I attached the volume back to my current instance as /dev/sdb1. I started the instance back up and sshed in.
To actually resize the file system turned out to be stunningly easy, although I had a few false starts because I thought I was running ext3 and not xfs. You can check this by catting out /etc/mtab, the third column will be the file system type.
The existing volume and the snapshot volume will have the same UUID so this must be updated by running.
sudo xfs_admin -U generate /dev/sdb1
Now you can mount the new volume without error
sudo mount /dev/sdb1 /mnt
Then simply run
sudo xfs_growfs /dev/sdb1
This will grow the xfs volume to fill the whole volume. I then shut the machine down, switched the two disks around and rebooted. I made sure the system was working fine and had sufficient storage. As it did I deleted the old volume and the snapshot.